One of the most difficult-to-treat mental health condition is Bipolar Disorder or previously called depressive disorder. The moods of people who have it change significantly, which include both manic and depressive scenarios.
There are cases where people who have BD are hesitant to have a significant change in life such as pregnancy. It does not conclude that a bipolar disorder patient is not qualified to have a baby. Instead, it only means that you should study and thoroughly analyze what the situation will look like, always consulting your partner and of course your doctor.
If you have a BD and you’re planning to have a baby, you should think about how well your bipolar can be managed, medications you are taking, and the severity of symptoms. All other risks for your baby should all considered.
Effects Of Pregnancy On Mental Health
When you are pregnant, you will experience hormonal changes that will affect your mood. That is why the risk is more significant when untreated during pregnancy.
Not every woman experiences a diagnosable mental health disorder during pregnancy but those that do should absolutely seek treatment. — Cecelia Quinn, PhD., LCSW
Managing BD During Pregnancy
Medications that you are taking to control your mood are essential when a fetus is developing in your womb. Some studies show that some medicines, like lithium, could increase the risk for cardiac malformations in fetuses. There are a lot of reviews that support the finding that medications could harm your kid. And true enough, the summary is that bipolar medicines can impact fetal development. Medications that are naturally being taken to aid BD patients like anti-anxiety drugs, antidepressants and antipsychotics could be harmful to the fetus.
To avoid these kinds of fetal complications that you do not want to encounter, tell the obstetrician about the medicines that you are currently taking to counter your bipolar disorder. You, your doctor, and your obstetrician are the people who should decide what medication should be ceased at the time of your pregnancy. During this phase of your life, you will have to rely on other types of drugs.
There are some alternative ways to combat bipolar disorder like self-care and psychotherapy. In case you continue to treat bipolar disorder during the time that you are pregnant, you may decrease the risk for related relapse. However, you must weigh the advantages versus the chance of stopping the medications taken during pregnancy with your medical team, which, again, consists of your doctor, the obstetrician, and you.
Pregnancy can be a time of emotional vulnerability due to the many biological and hormonal changes happening in the body. — Jamie Kreiter, LCSW
Effects Of Mood Disorders On Fetuses
There is a chance that BD may pass on to your kid, but there is still continuous research about genetic relationship bipolar disorder.
Postpartum And BD
After labor, there are still concerns that you should settle. BD increases the risk for postpartum psychosis. This is rare, but it affects 1 in 1000 women. It includes depression after days of delivery. It could cause hallucinations and delusions.
I started to listen to my body instead of yelling at it or punishing it with deprivation, extreme goals, or neglect. — Shirley Katz, PhD, CCC
You need to talk with your doctor when you are planning to have a baby, considering that you have BD. You should discuss things like stopping medications together, switching medications, taking supplements and self-care measures. You might also find some activity that could help you such as electroconvulsive therapy, regular exercise, talk therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, support groups, taking omega-3 fatty acids, and consuming plant-based foods.
There are a lot of health considerations that you should think about, which is why it is essential to plan your pregnancy.